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America

. Antichi Stati ~ Former Countries

. Stati Confederati d'America  
. Confederated States of America 

      
Bandiera Nazionale dal 4/3/1865

 

 

Motto:
Deo vindice / "Con Dio Vendicatore"


   
stemma della Confederazione

 

 




bandiera da guerra


 

 

Map

 

 

x
Cronologia

Presidenti del Congresso 1861
Presidenti della Confederazione1861/1865

Dipartimento di Stato

Department of the Treasury
Segretari del Tesoro 1861/1865
Tesorieri dei Confederate States 1861/1865
Registers 1861/1865
Comptroller of the Treasury 1861/1865
Chief Clerk of the War Tax Bureau 1861/1863
Commissioner of Taxes 1863/1965
Chief Commissioner of the Produce Loan Office 1861/1862
Chief Clerk of the Produce Loan Office 1862/1865
Chief Clerk of the Treasury Note Division 1862/1864
Chief of the Treasury Note Bureau 1864/1865
Chiefs of the Lighthouse Bureau 1861/1865
Commissioners of Customs 1861/1865
Chiefs of the Revenue Marine Customs Service 1861/1865


War Department
Secretaries of War 1861/1865
Generals in Chief 1862/1865
Chiefs of the Bureau of War 1861/1865
Chiefs of the Army Engineers Bureau 1861/165
Chief of Ordinance 1861/1865
Chiefs of Niter and Mining Bureau 1863/1865
Commissioners-general of the Bureau of Prisons 1864/1865
Chief of the Bureau of Exchange 1862/1865
Chief of the Signal Bureau 1862/1865
Surgeon-general 1861/1865
Commissioners of Bureau of Indian Affairs 1861/1865
Commissioner of Indian Territory 1861/1862
Commanders of the Department of Indian Territory and Commissioners of Indian Territory 1862/1863
Commanders of the Department of Indian Territory and Superintendents of Indian Affairs 1863/1865

Department of Justice
Attorneys General 1861/1865
Commissioner of Patents 1861/1865
Superintendent of Public Printing 1861/1865


Post Office Department
Postmaster General 1861/1865

Navy Department
Secretaries of the Navy 1861/1865
Ranking Officer of the Confederate States Navy 1861/1865
Engineer-in-chief of the Confederate States Navy 1862/1865
Chiefs of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography 1861/1865
Superintendent of the Confederate States Naval Academy 1863/1865
Commandant of the Confederate States Marine Corps 1861/1865

Senate
President of the Senate 1862/1865
President Pro Tempore of the Senate 1862/1865

House of Representatives
Chairman of the Congress 1861
President of the Congress 1861/1862
Presidents Pro Tempore of the Provisional Congress 1861/1862
Speaker of the House of Representatives 1862/1865

Inno Nazionale
I Dati
Le Date
Le Capitali


Storia delle bandiere

 

Sources

 

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*
Inno della Confederazione "Dixie"

 

I wish I was in de land ob cotton,
Old times dar am not forgotten,
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.
In Dixie Land whar I was born in
Early in one frosty mornin'.
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

Refrain:
Den I wish I was in Dixie,
Hooray! Hooray!
In Dixie Land I'll took my stand,
To lib an' die in Dixie,
|: Away, away,
 Away down south in Dixie. :|


Old Missus marry Will-de-weaber,
William was a gay deceaber;
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.
But when he put his arm around 'er
He smil'd as fierce as a forty-pounder.
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

 
His face was sharp as a butcher's cleaber,
But dat did not seem to greab 'er,
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.
Old Missus acted de foolish part,
And died for a man dat broke her heart.
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

Now here's a health to the next old Missus,
An' al de gals dat want to kiss us;
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.
But if you want to drive 'way sorrow,
Come an' hear dis song tomorrow,
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

Dar's buckwheat cakes an' Ingen' butter,
Makes you fat or little fatter;
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.
Den hoe it down an' scratch your grabble.
To Dixie's land I'm bound to trabble,
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.
 

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Cronologia  


Presidente del Congresso 1861

Robert Woodward Barnwell

4/2/1861

.

howell cobb

4/2/1861

18/2/1861

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Presidente della Confederazione 1861/1865

Jefferson Davis

provvisorio fino al 6/11/1861

18/2/1861

10/5/1865

 




da sinistra a destra (L-R): Judah P. Benjamin, Stephen Mallory, Christopher Memminger, Alexander Stephens, LeRoy Pope Walker, Jefferson Davis, John H. Reagan and Robert Toombs.

 

President Jefferson Davis 1861-1865
Vice President Alexander Stephens 1861-1865

Secretary of State Robert Toombs 1861
Robert M.T. Hunter 1861-1862
Judah P. Benjamin 1862-1865
Secretary of the Treasury Christopher Memminger 1861-1864
George Trenholm 1864-1865
John H. Reagan 1865
Secretary of War Leroy Pope Walker 1861
Judah P. Benjamin 1861-1862
George W. Randolph 1862
James Seddon 1862-1865
John C. Breckinridge 1865
Secretary of the Navy Stephen Mallory 1861-1865
Postmaster General John H. Reagan 1861-1865
Attorney General Judah P. Benjamin 1861
Thomas Bragg 1861-1862
Thomas H. Watts 1862-1863
George Davis 1864-1865

 

 

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Dipartimento di Stato 1861/1865

1861

.

 Robert Toombs

1861

 1862

 Robert M.T. Hunter

1862

.

 William M. Browne

1862

 1865

 Judah P. Benjamin

 

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Dipartimento del Tesoro


Segretari del Tesoro 1861/1865
21 Feb 1861  18 Jul 1864  Christopher Gustavus Memminger (provisional to 17 Feb 1862)
18 Jul 1864  27 Apr 1865 George Alfred Trenholm (acting to 22 Nov 1864)
27 Apr 1865  10 May 1865 John Henninger Reagan (acting)


Tesorieri dei Confederate States 1861/1865
6 Mar 1861  1864  Edward Carrington Elmore
10 Oct 1864  Apr 1865  John N. Hendren


Registers 1861/1865
16 Mar 1861  13 Aug 1861  Alexander Baron Clitherall
13 Aug 1861  1865  Robert Tyler



Comptroller of the Treasury 1861/1865
1861  1865  Lewis Cruger


Chief Clerk of the War Tax Bureau 1861/1863
1 Oct 1861  2 Jul 1863  Thompson Allan


Commissioner of Taxes 1863/1965
2 Jul 1863  1865  Thompson Allan


Chief Commissioner of the Produce Loan Office 1861/1862
1861  3 Jan 1862  James Dunwoody Brownson DeBow



Chief Clerk of the Produce Loan Office 1862/1865
(from 1 May 1863, Produce Loan Bureau)
1862  1865  Archibald Roane



Chief Clerk of the Treasury Note Division 1862/1864
10 Mar 1862  10 Feb 1864  Sanders G. Jamison



Chief of the Treasury Note Bureau 1864/1865
10 Feb 1864  1865  Sanders G. Jamison



Chiefs of the Lighthouse Bureau 1861/1865
4 Apr 1861  18 Apr 1861  Raphael Semmes
18 Apr 1861  Sep 1861  Ebenezer Farrand
Sep 1861  1865  Thomas E. Martin (acting)



Commissioners of Customs 1861/1865
1861  1865  the Secretaries of Treasury




Chiefs of the Revenue Marine Customs Service 1861/1865

1861  1865  the Secretaries of Treasury


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War Department

Secretaries of War 1861/1865
21 Feb 1861  16 Sep 1861  Leroy Pope Walker (provisional)
17 Sep 1861  23 Mar 1862  Judah Philip Benjamin (acting provisional to 21 Nov 1861, acting from 17 Feb 1862)
24 Mar 1862  17 Nov 1862  George Wythe Randolph
17 Nov 1862  21 Nov 1862  Gustavus Woodson Smith (acting)
21 Nov 1862  6 Feb 1865 James Alexander Seddon
6 Feb 1865  10 May 1865 John Cabell Breckenridge



Generals in Chief (commander in chief, operations officer, adviser to the President) 1862/1865
13 Mar 1862  31 May 1862  Robert E. Lee (de facto)
24 Feb 1864  31 Jan 1865  Braxton Bragg
31 Jan 1865  9 Apr 1865  Robert E. Lee



Chiefs of the Bureau of War 1861/1865
7 Jun 1861  7 Apr 1862 Albert Taylor Bledsoe
7 Apr 1862  26 Apr 1865 Robert Garlick Hill Keane



Chiefs of the Army Engineers Bureau 1861/165
8 Apr 1861  3 Aug 1861  Josiah Gorgas (acting)
3 Aug 1861  11 Nov 1861  Danville Leadbetter (acting)
11 Nov 1861  24 Sep 1862  Alfred Landon Rives (acting)
25 Sep 1862  17 Aug 1863  Jeremy Francis Gilmer
18 Aug 1863  9 Mar 1864 Alfred Landon Rives (acting)
9 Mar 1864  2 Apr 1864 Martin Luther Smith
2 Apr 1864  18 Jul 1864 Alfred Landon Rives (acting)
18 Jul 1864  Apr 1865  Jeremy Francis Gilmer



Chief of Ordinance 1861/1865
8 Apr 1861  26 Apr 1865  Josiah Gorgas



Chiefs of Niter and Mining Bureau 1863/1865
28 May 1863  16 Feb 1865  Isaac Munroe St. John
22 Feb 1865  Apr 1865  Richard Morton



Commissioners General of the Bureau of Prisons 1864/1865
21 Nov 1864  7 Feb 1865 John H. Winder
14 Feb 1865  20 Mar 1865  Gideon J. Pillow
20 Mar 1865  24 Mar 1865 William M. Gardner
24 Mar 1865  Apr 1865  Daniel Ruggels



Chief of the Bureau of Exchange 1862/1865
22 Jul 1862  9 Apr 1865  Robert Ould



Chief of the Signal Bureau 1862/1865
31 Jul 1862  25 Apr 1865  William Norris
8 Aug 1864  Apr 1865  William N. Barker (acting for Norris)



Surgeon General 1861/1865
16 Mar 1861  Apr 1865  Samuel Preston Moore



Commissioners of Bureau of Indian Affairs 1861/1865
15 Mar 1861  7 Apr 1862  David Hubbard
8 Apr 1862  1863  Sutton S. Scott
1863  1865  David Hubbard
21 Feb 1865  1865  Douglas Hancock Cooper



Commissioner of Indian Territory 1861/1862
16 Mar 1861  1862  Albert Pike




Commanders of the Department of Indian Territory and Commissioners of Indian Territory 1862/1863
1862  7 Mar 1862  Benjamin J. McCullough
1862  5 Nov 1862  Albert Pike
Nov 1862  Jan 1863  Douglas Hancock Cooper
8 Jan 1863  11 Dec 1863  William Steele



Commanders of the Department of Indian Territory and Superintendents of Indian Affairs 1863/1865
Dec 1863  1865  Samuel Ball Maxey
1865 .  Douglas Hancock Cooper


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Dipartimento della Giustizia

 

Attorneys General 1861/1865
25 Feb 1861  17 Sep 1861  Judah Philip Benjamin (provisional)
17 Sep 1861  21 Nov 1861  Wade Rutledge Keyes (acting)
21 Nov 1861  17 Mar 1862  Thomas Bragg, Jr. (provisional to 17 Feb 1862)
18 Mar 1862  1 Oct 1863  Thomas Hill Watts
1 Oct 1863  2 Jan 1864  Wade Rutledge Keyes (acting)
2 Jan 1864  26 Apr 1865 George Davis
26 Apr 1865  10 May 1865 John Henninger Reagan (acting)



Commissioner of Patents 1861/1865
22 May 1861  Apr 1865  Rufus Randolph Rhodes



Superintendent of Public Printing 1861/1865
1861  1865  George E.W. Nelson


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Post Office Department


Postmaster General 1861/1865
25 Feb 1861  5 Mar 1861  Henry T. Ellet (nominated and confirmed, but declined appointment)
6 Mar 1861  10 May 1865  John Henninger Reagan (provisional to 17 Feb 1862)

 

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Navy Department

Secretaries of the Navy 1861/1865
4 Mar 1861  2 May 1865 Stephan Russell Mallory (provisional to 17 Feb 1862)
2 May 1865  10 May 1865 John Henninger Reagan (acting)

 


Ranking Officer of the Confederate States Navy 1861/1865
21 Aug 1861  17 May 1865  Franklin Buchanan (U.S. prisoner from 5 Aug 1864 to Feb 1865)


Engineer in Chief of the Confederate States Navy 1862/1865
21 Apr 1862  Apr 1865  William P. Williamson


Chiefs of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography 1861/1865
10 Jun 1861  16 Nov 1861  Duncan N. Ingraham
Dec 1861  Mar 1863  George Buckner Minor
Mar 1863  Apr 1865  John M. Brooke



Superintendent of the Confederate States Naval Academy 1863/1865
23 Jul 1863  2 May 1865  William H. Parker




Commandant of the Confederate States Marine Corps 1861/1865
23 May 1861  10 May 1865  Lloyd J. Beall

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Senato

President of the Senate 1862/1865
18 Feb 1862  18 Mar 1865  the Vice President

 


President Pro Tempore of the Senate 1862/1865
18 Feb 1862  18 Mar 1865  Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter


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Camera dei Rappresentanti

 

Chairman of the Congress 1861
4 Feb 1861 .  Robert Woodward Barnwell


President of the Congress 1861/1862
4 Feb 1861  17 Feb 1862  Howell Cobb


Presidents Pro Tempore of the Provisional Congress 1861/1862
10 Dec 1861  21 Dec 1861 Thomas Stanhope Bobcock
23 Dec 1861  24 Dec 1861  Josiah A. Patterson Campbell
6 Jan 1862 .  Josiah A. Patterson Campbell
7 Jan 1862  8 Jan 1862 Thomas Stanhope Bobcock


Speaker of the House of Representatives 1862/1865
18 Feb 1862  18 Mar 1865  Thomas Stanhope Bobcock

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I Dati:

 

.Superficie:  1.995.392 kmq 
.Popolazione: 9.103.332 ab.

.Forma di Governo: Confederazione
.Capo di Stato e di Governo: Presidente
.Parlamento: Congresso:  Senato e Camera dei Rappresentanti
.Capitale: Montgomery (Alabama) 2/1861-29/5/1861, Richmond (Virginia)29/5/1861-2/4/1865 (Danville solo sede del governo 3/4/1865-10/4/1865)

.Divisione amministrativa:

.

Stato della Confederazione

data secessione

data adesione alla confederazione

1


Carolina del Sud

dal 28/1/1861




variante

20 dicembre 1860

 4 febbraio 1861

2


Mississippi


dal 26/1/1861


variante

 9 gennaio 1861

4 febbraio 1861

3


Florida



 10 gennaio 1861

 10 febbraio 1861

4


Alabama


fronte


retro

 11 gennaio 1861

 18 febbraio 1861

5


Georgia



19 gennaio 1861

4 febbraio 1861

6


 Louisiana


 26 gennaio 1861

 4 febbraio 1861

7


Texas


1 febbraio 1861

2 marzo 1861

8


Virginia

File:Flag of Virginia.svg

31/1/1861

 17 aprile 1861

7 maggio 1861

9


Arkansas

 6 maggio 1861

18 maggio 1861

10

Carolina del Nord


20 maggio 1861

 16 maggio 1861

11


Tennessee
File:Tennessee 1861 proposed.svg

bandiera proposta nell'aprile 1861

8 giugno 1861

16 maggio 1861

12


Missouri (governo in esilio)

31 ottobre 1861

19 agosto 1861

13


Kentucky (Convenzione di Russellville)

20 novembre 1861

 10 dicembre 1862


Territorio dell'Arizona
Territorio del Nuovo Messico
gran parte dell' Oklahoma con le tribų indiane di religione cristiana dei Creek, Cherokee, Seminole, Chickasaw e Choctaw


.Popoli: Bianchi  negri ,
.Lingua ufficiale: inglese
.Religione ufficiale: nessuna 
.Religioni: Protestanti , Cattolici,
.Moneta: Dollaro confederato

 
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Le Date:  


4/2/1861
il Congresso degli Stati secessionisti si riunisce a Montgomery in Alabama

8/2/1861
fondazione della Confederazione degli Stati d'America comprendente: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi e South Carolina in contrapposizione con gli Stati Uniti d'America del Nord e inizio della guerra civile tra la confederazione e il governo di Washington principalmente per opporsi alla cessazione della schiavitų in tutti i paesi dell' unione votata a maggioranza

5/3/1861
adesione del Texas.

20/5/1861
adesione dell'Arkansas e North Carolina.

23/5/1861
adesione della Virginia.

22/7/1861
adesione del Tennessee.

28/11/1861
adesione del Missouri.

10/12/1861
adesione del Kentucky.

5/5/1865
scioglimento della Confederazione


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Le Capitali

 

Montgomery 2/1861 - 5/1861
Richmond 5/1861  - 4/1865
Danville 4/1865 - 5/1865


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Storia delle bandiere

 


bandiera 1861/1863




bandiera 1/5/1863-4/3/1865

 

 


bandiera 163/1865 variante




bandiera dal 4/3/1865 al 5/5/1865

 

 

 



bandiera navale 1861/1863

 




bandiera navale 1863/1865

 

 

 

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Sources


Fonti ~ Sources

 

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Update 20-04-14






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